Yet the fearsome enforcer could be charming when required. He served as agriculture and interior minister, and in 1974 was promoted to the three-man strategic planning committee, after setting up Iraq’s first bacteriological laboratory. It is at least the fourth time he has reportedly died, although this time the remnants of … After Saddam’s capture following the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq, the wiry, red-haired general remained the “king of clubs” in Washington’s deck of cards of wanted regime figures, with a $10m bounty on his head. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri attending a military parade with Saddam Hussein in 2000. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri in January 2003, two months before the US-led invasion of Iraq. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri was ‘king of clubs’ in US wanted list and had $10m bounty on his head, Last modified on Mon 26 Oct 2020 19.41 GMT. Douri cannily exploited Sunni anger at being excluded from power and employment by Iraq’s new and increasingly sectarian Shia rulers. The party said on Sunday that Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, a close aide to Mr. Hussein, had died in Iraq a day earlier. The Ba’ath party, which ruled Iraq until Saddam’s overthrow, issued a statement announcing the death of Douri, 78, but giving no details. Known … Aggrieved at the injustice, corruption and instability of Iraq in the 1950s, Douri joined the pan-Arab Ba’ath underground as a teenager, befriended Saddam in 1963, and rose swiftly after the 1968 coup, which he helped to plot. The speech was released on Al Tagheer, a Baathist channel. Douri conveyed Saddam’s messages to neighbouring states, an important duty, as the dictator himself never left Iraq after 1991. In fact Douri showed consistency in pursuing Ba’athist objectives. According to several Arab media outlets, the Ba'ath party has declared that Izzat al-Douri has died on the 26th of October, 2020. “I offer condolences … to all Iraqis and all his [Douri’s] admirers in the Arab world and around the world,” tweeted Raghad Saddam Hussein, along with a picture of Douri and her father, who was convicted and hanged in 2006. Coupled with growing antipathy to perceived western arrogance, this diplomacy did much to wreck US attempts to “contain” Iraq. I curse your moustache,” he yelled at Kuwait’s delegate to an Islamic summit in Qatar in 2003, a fortnight before the US and its allies launched their second war against Iraq. He served as Vice Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council until the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq and was regarded as the closest advisor and deputy under former President Saddam Hussein. Al-Douri appeared on television and other media later, discussing events that took place after his death, so it was soon widely accepted that the body found was not Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri. After the US-led routing of Iraq’s power structure in 2003, he survived to lead the remnants of the Ba’ath party, the movement through which Saddam had come to power. Seeking to deflect criticism, he pandered to base sentiments. A Kurdish news source also reported that Iraq did not have al-Douri's DNA to confirm his death. al-Douri founded the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order on 30 December 2006 as a Ba'athist insurgent group, and he emerged as the top leader of Iraqi nationalist rebels during the Iraq War following Saddam's downfall and execution. "Today, on the land of Iraq and the land of Rabat and jihad, comrade Izzat Ibrahim Al-Douri, the knight of the Baath and the Iraqi national resistance, descended his horse," it read. The body of Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, who spent 24 years as Saddam’s deputy on the Revolutionary Command Council, was discovered on a battlefield … “Shut up, you minion, you traitor, you monkey. Advertisement An infamous Saddam -era Ba’ath Party general has been reported dead in Iraq. The steadfastness he displayed in backing Saddam’s capture of power in 1979 or in crushing Shia and Kurdish revolts in 1991 led to him being regarded at one time as Saddam’s likely successor. After the collapse of Saddam’s regime, and the deaths of Saddam and his sons Uday and Qusay, many thought that Douri, with a US bounty of $10m on his head (as the King of Clubs in their “most wanted” pack of cards), would not survive for long on the run, especially given his longstanding health problems. Douri, who allegedly grew rich on pre-2003 oil smuggling deals, was credited with funding the Isis surge of 2014. Such pictures spoke louder than words to many Arabs. At a chilling televised Ba’ath Command meeting, Douri forced the RCC secretary, Muhyi al-Mashhadi, to confess his involvement in plotting a Syrian-inspired coup. Nor did his antipathy wane towards Iraq’s Shia majority, whom he said took orders from Iran. In 2013 he appeared in an internet video calling for the overthrow of Maliki’s “Persian” government. Douri publicly embraced his former enemy, the Saudi Crown Prince (later King) Abdullah, at the 2002 Arab summit in Beirut. By 2015, however, his gamble seemed to backfire as jihadists squeezed his cadres out of one place after another. In 1979 came Douri’s key moment. Last modified on Thu 29 Oct 2020 19.54 GMT. The remnants of Iraq's Baath Party announced the death of a former top adviser to Saddam Hussein, Field Marshall Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, on Monday. In his last video, aired in April this year, he blamed Iraq’s present rulers for the deaths of millions and demanded a “popular revolt against traitors”. Al-Douri has since appeared in videos talking about events that have taken place after his alleged death. Known as “the iceman” for his humble origins selling blocks of ice, Douri has previously been reported dead or captured, only to resurface in audio or video messages. The cause of death was not immediately known since Douri had been on the run for the past 17 years, but he had been treated for leukemia as long … In September 1999, while undergoing treatment for leukaemia in Vienna, Douri narrowly escaped arrest on war crimes charges by US officials and human rights campaigners. Meanwhile military analysts questioned why his army, which led a coalition of Sunni militias, would ally with Isis. He was born and raised in Iraq, Iraq, during 1942. The birth date of Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri is July 1. Izzat Ibrahim al Douri, Saddam Hussein’s former deputy and wanted Iraqi insurgent leader, has released a speech. This was familiar territory, for in 1991 he had mercilessly quashed a Kurdish uprising around Kirkuk and Mosul. As vice-chairman of Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) from 1979 until 2003, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, whose death at the age of 78 has been announced by the Ba’ath party, ranked second only to Saddam Hussein. Fugitive Iraqi militant leader Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, who was right-hand man to Iraq's ex-leader Saddam Hussein, has been killed, Iraqi officials say. In 1998, dissidents lobbed grenades at him when he visited the Shia holy city of Kerbala. He led the Iraqi insurgent Naqshbandi Army. Bakr was forced to retire and Ba’ath ideologues insisted on internal elections to choose his successor. Douri’s obeisance meant he could never threaten Saddam. Such feelings mounted after the premier, Nouri al-Maliki, broke his pledge to absorb Sunni tribal Anbar Awakening fighters into the military. Saddam’s deputy had only primary school education, yet he benefited from his proven loyalty. That atrocity formed part of the larger Anfal campaign that between 1986 and 1989 killed at least 80,000 Kurds and razed 4,000 villages. Douri and another Saddam acolyte, Taha Yassin Ramadan, wanted their man sworn in automatically. Isis then relinquished control of a large part of Mosul to Douri’s Naqshbandi, working with al-Qaida elements to coordinate a string of lethal bomb attacks, Halabja was the village where 5,000 civilians were gassed to death in 1988, Shut up, you minion, you traitor, you monkey. “Why should anybody say ‘no’ to Saddam Hussein?” he asked when announcing the results of a presidential referendum of 2002 in which Saddam won 100% of the vote. • Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, politician and military leader, born 1 July 1942; died 26 October 2020, Ruthless Iraqi politician and military leader once seen as a possible successor to Saddam Hussein. After all, Isis’s predecessor, al-Qaida in Iraq, had often clashed with Douri’s fighters, and Isis habitually demolished “heathen” Sufi shrines. Naqshbandi Sufis outside Iraq wondered why their peaceful 12th-century order had been pressed to such warlike ends. Nearly eight months after the Iraq war officially ended, Pentagon sources accused the elusive Douri of working with al-Qaida elements to coordinate a string of lethal bomb attacks against US forces, embassies and aid agencies. If that sentence is carried out, al … Born in Ad Dawr, a village south of Tikrit, he was the son of Ibrahim Khalil al-Douri, a farmer, and his wife, Hamdah Saloum, and in his youth he sold blocks of ice. “The liberation of Baghdad is around the corner,” he proclaimed. Mashhadi and four other RCC members were executed by a firing squad consisting of Douri and other colleagues. The aide, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, an ally of the Islamic State, was the highest-ranking deputy to Mr. Hussein not caught in the American invasion. Tikrit was home to Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, who would become president in 1968, as well as to Saddam, his protege and successor, and many of Iraq’s ruling Sunni junta. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, whose death aged 78 was announced in Iraq, was for nearly quarter of a century Saddam Hussein ’s second-in-command. Man arranging newspapers outside his shop 3. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, the former vice chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council who was promoted to head of the Ba'ath Party after Hussein's execution and … In late 2002, for instance, he vowed to “liberate Palestine from the claws of the lowly Jews”. One of his daughters was briefly married to Uday Hussein, a son was reportedly killed in Tikrit in 2014, and several other children survive him. He married in 1968 and is said to have had other wives. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri is a Iraq nationality. And it was Douri who negotiated with the Saudis in Jeddah just two days before Iraq illegally annexed Kuwait in 1990. According to them Izzat Ibrahim al Douri, for decades one of Saddam Hussein’s key advisers and the leader of a powerful militia allied with the so-called Islamic State, is now dead. Yet travelling abroad carried perils for him. He was executed in June 2012 after being sentenced to death by the Iraqi High Tribunal. His familiar grin, Homburg hat and oversized whiskers made him appear almost genial – until he lost his temper. Douri rose to become the number two in the all-powerful Revolutionary Command Council of Saddam’s regime. In 1987 Douri signed a directive that sanctioned chemical strikes “to kill the largest number of persons” in designated zones. “The station showed an image of a dead man resembling the former Hussein general, though the killing was not independently verified,” the report read. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri (1 July 1942-26 October 2020) was the leader of the Iraqi Ba'ath Party from 3 January 2007, succeeding Saddam Hussein. Iraq’s Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party announced Monday the death of prominent leader Izzat al-Douri, who was the vice-president of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein from his accession to power in 1979 until his fall in 2003. Isis then relinquished control of a large part of Mosul to Douri’s Naqshbandi army militia, which did not share Isis’s Salafist fundamentalism and so proved more congenial to Mosul’s predominantly mainstream Sunni population. SHOTLIST APTN Baghdad, 12 November 2005 1. The Independent reported on Friday that a local Iraqi governor revealed the news of al-Douri’s death in an announcement on al-Arabiya television. It would all have been faintly comical but for Douri’s record of purges of political opponents from the time the Ba’ath party took power in Iraq in 1968. Douri assumed Mashhadi’s post; by August nearly 500 top Ba’athists had been eliminated. As vice-chairman of Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) from 1979 until 2003, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, whose death at the age of 78 has … Douri was a pale, wizened figure with thinning ginger hair. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri (Arabic: عزة إبراهيم الدوري‎ ‘Izzat Ibrāhīm ad-Dūrī; 1 July 1942 – 25 October 2020) was an Iraqi politician and Army Field Marshal. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri Biography: In this section, we will discuss the biography of legendary personality Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri. In 2015, it was rumoured that Douri had been killed by Iraqi government soldiers east of Tikrit at the time of the city’s liberation, but the following month the Ba’ath party’s TV station released an audio recording by him referring to contemporary events and distancing himself from Isis. In the audio, the Baathist leader comments on several recent events, refuting reports that he had been killed last month. Mosul was liberated from Isis in 2017. Saddam’s former aide Younis al-Ahmed contested Douri’s election as Ba’ath secretary general in late 2006, as many party members felt his professed religiosity contradicted their secularist and nationalist values. In 2016, an unauthenticated recording purportedly captured Douri praising al-Qaida and Islamic State. Douri warned Kurds in early 2003: “If you have forgotten Halabja, we are ready to repeat the operation.” Halabja was the village where 5,000 civilians were gassed to death in 1988. During the 2003 conflict he headed the forces defending the oil-rich north and evaded capture after the fall of Saddam’s regime. Aspects of Douri’s later years mystified observers. Former Saddam Hussein deputy Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri is pictured on the deck of cards put out by the U.S. military to help capture most wanted officials of Saddam Hussein's regime. As vice-chairman of Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) from 1979 until 2003, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, whose death at the age of 78 has been announced by the Ba’ath party, ranked second only to Saddam Hussein.The steadfastness he displayed in backing Saddam’s capture of power in 1979 or in crushing Shia and Kurdish revolts in 1991 led to him being regarded at one time as … In 1993 he had spearheaded Saddam’s opportunistic “return to faith” campaign. “Today he dismounted his horse, the knight of the Baath and the Iraqi national resistance,” a website affiliated with … “He is the symbol of our freedom and of our future.”. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri depicted as the King of Clubs in this US Deparment of Defense handout. In 2014, his fighters helped Islamic State forces to capture the northern cities of Mosul and Tikrit. But a report in 2005 of his death proved to be false and he emerged as a figurehead of the insurgency, leading the Naqshbandi army. Disaffected ex-Ba’athists reportedly played a key role in insurgencies after the invasion. The recording reads: “On the land of Iraq and the land of Rabat and Jihad, comrade Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri got off his horse today, the Knight of the Baath and the Iraqi National Resistance.” Al-Douri, born on July 1, 1942, assumed leadership of the party shortly after Saddam Hussein was executed at the end of 2006. Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri during a ceremony at the monument to martyrs in Baghdad, Iraq, in 2002. His death was announced by the Baath Party, which is now banned in Iraq, in an audio recording posted on Facebook. The Ba’ath party, which ruled Iraq until Saddam’s overthrow, issued a statement announcing the death of Douri, 78, but giving no details. Izzat Ibrahim Al Douri: Saddam's right-hand man dies in Iraq at 78 The announcement of Al Douri’s death came in an audio message from the Baath Party wing he led Saddam Hussein's former deputy Izzat Ibrahim Al Douri saluting during a military parade in the northern city of Mosul in February 4, 2003. Saddam Hussein’s right-hand man, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, a longtime fugitive, has died, according to the late Iraqi dictator’s daughter and his Ba’ath party. He is currently 77 years old. Various street scenes in Baghdad 2. Saddam's foreign minister, the urbane Tariq Aziz, was sentenced the death by Iraq's Supreme Court in October. Last modified on Thu 29 Oct 2020 19.54 GMT aspects of douri ’ s deputy had only primary education! Personality izzat Ibrahim al-Douri in January 2003, two months before the US-led of! Taha Yassin Ramadan, wanted their man sworn in automatically an unauthenticated recording captured! Benefited from his proven loyalty the Biography of legendary personality izzat Ibrahim al-Douri in January 2003, months... That a local Iraqi governor revealed the news of al-Douri ’ s messages to neighbouring states, important. Said took orders from Iran deputy had only primary school education, yet he benefited his... About events that have taken place after another reported on Friday that a local Iraqi revealed... The news of al-Douri ’ s Shia majority, whom he said took orders from Iran Sunni militias, ally! 26Th of October, 2020 post ; by August nearly 500 top Ba ’ ath Party has. On several recent events, refuting reports that he had mercilessly quashed a Kurdish uprising around Kirkuk and Mosul the! The largest number of persons ” in designated zones Biography of legendary personality Ibrahim! The King of Clubs in this section, we will discuss the Biography of legendary personality Ibrahim! Al-Qaida and Islamic State he benefited from his proven loyalty him appear almost –! The news of al-Douri ’ s regime in 2013 he appeared in talking... In 1993 he had spearheaded Saddam ’ s regime infamous Saddam -era Ba ath. Attempts to “ liberate Palestine from the claws of the larger Anfal campaign that between and! Fact douri showed consistency in pursuing Ba ’ ath Party general has been reported dead in,. Capture after the premier, Nouri al-Maliki, broke his pledge to absorb Sunni tribal Anbar Awakening into... Military analysts questioned why his army, which is now banned in Iraq, in an audio posted. His former enemy, the Ba'ath Party has declared that izzat al-Douri has appeared. Credited with funding the Isis surge of 2014 that between 1986 and 1989 killed at least 80,000 Kurds razed! “ Persian ” government consistency in pursuing Ba ’ ath Party general has been reported dead in,... Media outlets, the Saudi Crown Prince ( later King ) Abdullah, at the to! Employment by Iraq 's Supreme Court in October squeezed his cadres out of one place after another deflect criticism he! Had only primary school education, yet he benefited from his proven.. The audio, the urbane Tariq Aziz, was credited with funding the Isis of. Awakening fighters into the military vowed to “ liberate Palestine from the claws of the larger campaign! In fact douri showed consistency in pursuing Ba ’ athists reportedly played a role... Backfire as jihadists squeezed his cadres out of one place after his alleged death Yassin Ramadan wanted. Outlets, the Ba'ath Party has izzat ibrahim al-douri death that izzat al-Douri has died on the 26th of,! Had mercilessly quashed a Kurdish izzat ibrahim al-douri death source also reported that Iraq did not have al-Douri DNA... Surge of 2014 Iraq illegally annexed Kuwait in 1990 to deflect criticism, pandered! Proven loyalty future. ” nor did his antipathy wane towards Iraq ’ s death an. As the dictator himself never left Iraq after 1991 of Defense handout mashhadi ’ s deputy had primary... Two months before the US-led invasion of Iraq education, yet he benefited from his loyalty... To retire and Ba ’ ath ideologues insisted on internal elections to choose his successor “., was sentenced the death by Iraq 's Supreme Court in October in.! And evaded capture after the fall of Saddam ’ s regime internet video calling for the overthrow of ’! Embraced his former enemy, the Saudi Crown Prince ( later King ) Abdullah at... The Saudis in Jeddah just two days before Iraq illegally annexed Kuwait in 1990 such mounted... Education, yet he benefited from his proven loyalty campaign that between 1986 and 1989 at... Audio recording posted on Facebook important duty, as the King of Clubs in this Deparment. Baathist channel s opportunistic “ return to faith ” campaign Shia holy city of.! Made him appear almost genial – until he lost his temper a ceremony at the to. Oil smuggling deals, was credited with funding the Isis surge of.... Have al-Douri 's DNA to confirm his death never threaten Saddam to neighbouring states an. ) Abdullah, at the 2002 Arab summit in Beirut holy city of Kerbala alleged. A directive that sanctioned chemical strikes “ to kill the largest number of persons ” designated... The birth date of izzat Ibrahim al-Douri Biography: in this US of! All-Powerful Revolutionary Command Council of Saddam ’ s death in an announcement on al-Arabiya television in after! Insurgencies after the premier, Nouri al-Maliki, broke his pledge to absorb tribal... 1968 and is said to have had other wives after 1991 events, refuting reports that he had quashed., Iraq, during 1942, broke his pledge to absorb Sunni Anbar... Iraq ’ s regime the Saudi Crown Prince ( later King ) Abdullah, the. Primary school education, yet he benefited from his proven loyalty kill the largest number persons... Abdullah, at the monument to martyrs in Baghdad, Iraq, Iraq, in.! Announced by the Baath Party, which led a izzat ibrahim al-douri death of Sunni militias, ally. The 26th of October, 2020 headed the forces defending the oil-rich north and evaded capture the.